Trends in inflammatory bowel disease and pancreatic cancer: an analysis of the National Inpatient Sample database

Authors Alexandra V. Kimchy, Akram I. Ahmad, Colin Wikholm, Shiva Vangimalla, Won K. Cho.


Background An association between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and pancreatic cancer has been suggested in the literature. We aimed to determine the trend in prevalence of pancreatic cancer amongst patients hospitalized for Crohn’s disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) in the United States.

Methods An analysis of the National Inpatient Sample database was performed to identify adults diagnosed with pancreatic cancer and CD or UC, using validated ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes, from 2003-2017. Age, sex, and racial demographics were also collected. Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results registry (SEER) data were analyzed for trends in the incidence and mortality of pancreatic cancer amongst the general population in the United States.

Results From 2003-2017, there was a significant increase in the hospitalizations related to pancreatic cancer, from 0.11% to 0.19% (PTrend<0.001), representing a 72.73% increase, in CD patients, and from 0.08% to 0.38% (PTrend<0.001), representing a 375.00% increase, in UC patients. According to the SEER 13 data on pancreatic cancer in the general population, the incidence of pancreatic cancer increased from 11.34 per 100,000 cases in 2003 to 12.74 per 100,000 cases in 2017, thus representing only a 12.35% increase over the study period.

Conclusions Our study indicates a trend for increasing prevalence of pancreatic cancer in patients hospitalized with CD and UC from 2003-2017 in the United States. This increasing trend observed in the IBD population parallels the increase in the incidence of pancreatic cancer reported among the general population, but at a much greater rate.

Keywords Ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, digestive system neoplasms, immunosuppressive agents

Ann Gastroenterol 2023; 36 (3): 307-313

Original Articles