Patient-centered approaches to targeting incomplete bowel preparations for inpatient colonoscopies
Background A high-quality colonoscopy bowel prep is vital to completing the procedure. Adequate inpatient bowel preparation has been consistently difficult to achieve because of multiple factors. Incomplete bowel prep can lead to repeated colonoscopies, poor patient experience, increased costs, and prolonged hospitalization. This study aimed to develop patient-centered interventions to optimize bowel prep for inpatients undergoing colonoscopy.
Methods The Model for Improvement and Donabedian frameworks guided this project. An interdisciplinary team compiled quality improvement tools that identified areas for improvement. Interventions development included a nursing tip sheet for troubleshooting symptoms, a standardized order label and a patient educational placemat. Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycles were carried out to test and analyze the effects of the interventions. The project aim was a 30% reduction in incomplete inpatient colonoscopies from poor bowel prep. Process measures included the number of colonoscopy split prep order labels, and placemats used. The balancing measure was the number of repeat colonoscopies.
Results Prior to the intervention, 44% (44/99) of inpatient colonoscopies had poor bowel prep resulting in 10 repeat procedures (10%). Post intervention, 60% (28/47) of the colonoscopies used the standardized label, 66% of physician orders used 2-L split prep, and 80% of patients were provided with the educational placemat. Of the 47 colonoscopies audited post intervention, there was a significant decrease in poor prep (27.7% [13/47], P=0.038) for colonoscopies. The percentage of repeated colonoscopies decreased to 4% (2/47).
Conclusion Developing simple and easy-to-use patient-centered interventions can effectively improve colonoscopy preparation for hospitalized patients.
Keywords Healthcare quality improvement, patient-centered care, colonoscopy, bowel preparation
Ann Gastroenterol 2021; 34 (4): 547-551