Temporal trends of incidence and mortality in Asian-Americans with pancreatic adenocarcinoma: an epidemiological study

Authors Mohamed M. Gad, Mihnea- Alexandru Gaman, Anas M. Saad, Muneer J. Al-Husseini, Omar A. Shehata, Mohannad Abou Saleh, Alfred D. Nelson, Carlos Roberto Simons-Linares.


Background Pancreatic cancer is the fourth most common cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States, with an estimated 45,750 deaths in 2019. Mortality outcomes seem to differ based on the ethnicity of the patients, with most studies focusing on the mortality and survival of Caucasians and African Americans. Little attention has been given, however, to Asian-American patients diagnosed with pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAC). In this study, we aimed to investigate mortality rates in Asian-American patients with PAC.

Methods The SEER 13 registries (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End-Results) of the National Cancer Institute were used to study PAC cases during 1992-2015. The incidence and incidencebased mortality rates per 100,000 person-years, and the annual percentage changes were calculated using SEER*stat software and Joinpoint regression software.

Results A total of 5814 PAC cases in Asian-American patients were identified. Most patients were older than 60 years (77.6%) and had metastatic disease (55.8%). The overall incidence of PAC among Asian-Americans was 5.740 per 100,000 person-years (95% confidence interval [CI] 5.592- 5.891]. Incidence rates were highest among males and patients older than 60 years. PAC incidence rates among Asian-Americans increased by 1.503% (95%CI 1.051-1.956; P<0.001) per year over the study period. PAC incidence rates increased over the study period for all sex, age, and stage subgroups. PAC incidence-based mortality among Asian-Americans increased by 4.535% (95%CI 3.538-5.541; P<0.001) per year over the study period.

Conclusion The incidence of PAC in Asian-Americans, as well as incidence-based mortality rates, are on the rise, irrespective of age, sex or stage subgroup.

Keywords Pancreatic adenocarcinoma, Asian-Americans, racial disparities, SEER

Ann Gastroenterol 2020; 33 (2): 210-218

Original Articles