Ridinilazole: a novel antimicrobial for Clostridium difficile infection
Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infection remains a global healthcare threat worldwide and the limited options available for its treatment are of particular concern. Ridinilazole is one potential future agent, as it demonstrates rapid bactericidal activity against C. difficile. Current studies show that ridinilazole has a lower propensity for collateral damage to the gut microbiome and appears to diminish the production of C. difficile toxins. Results from phase II studies demonstrate that patients receiving ridinilazole had a higher sustained clinical response compared with patients receiving vancomycin (66.7% vs. 42.4%; P=0.0004). Adverse reactions were similar between ridinilazole and vancomycin (40% vs. 56%, respectively), with most being gastrointestinal-related. Nausea (20%) and abdominal pain (12%) were the most commonly reported adverse reactions associated with ridinilazole. Phase II study results are promising and future availability of phase III trial results will help further delineate the role and value of ridinilazole.
Keywords Ridinilazole, Clostridium difficile, infectious diarrhea
Ann Gastroenterol 2019; 32 (2): 134-140