Panitumumab in combination with modified docetaxel/ cisplatin/5-fluorouracil as first-line treatment in gastric and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinomas: a multicenter phase II study by the Hellenic Oncology Research Group
Background A phase I/II study to define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of biweekly docetaxel/cisplatin/5-fluorouracil (DCF) plus panitumumab (P), its efficacy, and tolerability as first-line treatment in advanced gastroesophageal cancer.
Methods In phase I part, patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic adenocarcinomas of the stomach or the gastroesophageal junction received cisplatin (40 mg/m2 on day 1), leucovorin (400 mg/m2 on day 1), 5-fluorouracil (400 mg/m2 bolus on day 1), 5-fluorouracil (1000 mg/m2/daycontinuous infusion on days 1-2), and escalated doses of docetaxel (on day 1) plus P (6 mg/kg on day 1) every 2 weeks. In phase II part, patients were treated with DCF/P at the MTD and the primary endpoint was response rate. The expected response rate was set at >40%.
Results The MTD for docetaxel in the mDCF/P was defined at 40 mg/m2 and a total of 40 evaluable patients were enrolled in phase II study. One (2.5%) complete and 13 (32.5%) partial responses (overall response rate: 35%), as well as 16 (40%) disease stabilizations were documented. The median progression-free survival was 6.9 months (95% confidence interval [CI] 3.5-10.3) and the median overall survival was 11.3 months (95%CI 7.7-14.8). Grade 3-4 neutropenia occurred in 10 patients (25%) and febrile neutropenia in 2 (5%). Allergic reactions (grade 1-4) occurred in 9 patients (22.5%). There was 1 treatment-related death.
Conclusions mDCF/P combination was feasible, though associated with a poor toxicity profile. However, the study failed to meet its primary endpoint and was terminated prematurely due to futility.
Keywords Gastroesophageal junction cancer, docetaxel, cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil, panitumumab ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01716546
Ann Gastroenterol 2018; 31 (6): 698-705