Endoscopic ultrasound-guided transmural drainage by cauterytipped lumen-apposing metal stent: exploring the possible indications

Authors Andrea Anderloni, Milena Di Leo, Silvia Carrara, Alessandro Fugazza, Roberta Maselli, Andrea Buda, Arnaldo Amato, Francesco Auriemma, Alessandro Repici.


Background The recently introduced Hot AXIOS™ system for endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)- guided transenteric drainage has the potential to change interventional endoscopy significantly. The aim of our study was to assess the effectiveness and safety of this new type of lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS) with cautery system for pancreatic collection, and gallbladder and biliary tree drainage.

Methods We retrospectively reviewed consecutive patients undergoing EUS-guided drainage by LAMS with cautery system in a tertiary-care academic medical center between March 2014 and March 2017. All patients were included in our prospectively maintained institutional EUS database. The main outcome measures were technical success, clinical effectiveness, and adverse events.

Results A total of 45 patients (20 men, mean age 69.6 years) underwent LAMS placement. Indications were pancreatic fluid collections (19 patients, 42.2%), acute cholecystitis (10 patients, 22.2%), and biliary drainage (16 patients, 35.5%). Technical success was achieved in all patients except one (97.7%). Clinical success was achieved in 86.4% (38/44) of cases and adverse events occurred in 5 (11.4%) of patients.

Conclusions In our experience, EUS-guided LAMS placement performed by expert endoscopists was feasible and effective in the endoscopic management of pancreatic fluid collection, and biliary and gallbladder drainage. Optimization of transmural drainage by new dedicated devices could improve efficacy and safety in appropriately selected patients.

Keywords Pancreatic fluid collection drainage, gallbladder drainage, biliary drainage, lumen apposing metal stent, Hot AXIOS stent

Ann Gastroenterol 2018; 31 (6): 735-741

Original Articles