Portal vein thrombosis in cirrhosis: diagnosis, natural history, and therapeutic challenges
Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a frequent complication in cirrhosis and its prevalence increases with disease severity. Several factors are involved in the development and progression of PVT. The challenge for the management of PVT is the precise evaluation of the bleeding risk as opposed to life-threatening extension of thrombosis. Nevertheless, the impact on the progression and outcome of liver disease is unclear. A critical evaluation of the available data discloses that treating PVT in cirrhotics is safe and effective. However, there are open issues, such as which anticoagulant could represent a safer therapeutic option, and when and for how long this treatment should be administered to cirrhotic patients with PVT.
Keywords Portal vein thrombosis, cirrhosis, direct oral anticoagulants, anticoagulants, bleeding
Ann Gastroenterol 2018; 31 (3): 315-329