Importance of miR-299-5p in colorectal cancer
Background MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are effective regulators of gene expression that play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC) and various other cancers. The high prevalence of aberrant miRNA expression in CRC suggests that they can be used as biomarkers and anticancer molecules for therapeutic purposes. There is evidence that microRNA-299-5p (miR-299-5p) is associated with vital cell processes (e.g. epithelial-mesenchymal transition, proliferation, and tumorigenicity) and its improper expression with tumorigenesis in many types of human cancer. This prospective study investigated the contribution of miR-299-5p to CRC tumorigenesis.
Methods The real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to examine miR-299-5p expression levels prospectively in 40 sample pairs of CRC tissue and adjacent noncancerous tissue (>2 cm from cancer tissue). The ability of miR-299-5p to function as a tumor marker was also examined.
Results The expression levels of miR-299-5p were significantly downregulated in the group of CRC samples compared with matched noncancerous tissue samples. No significant relationship was found between miR-299-5p expression levels and clinicopathological features. Receiver operating characteristic analysis gave an area under the curve of 71% for miR-299-5p with 68% sensitivity and 78% specificity (P=0.001).
Conclusion The miRNA miR-299-5p may be considered as a tumor marker in CRC and could be of assistance as a potential predictive biomarker in the diagnosis of this cancer.
Keywords Colorectal cancer, biomarker, microRNA, miR-299-5p
Ann Gastroenterol 2017; 30 (3): 322-326