The hidden endoscopic burden of sleeve gastrectomy and its comparison with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
Background This study aimed to assess the endoscopic burden of bariatric surgical procedures at our trust. This is an enhanced parallel study to "Th e Hidden Endoscopic burden of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass" published in Frontline Gastroenterology in 2013 incorporating the data for sleeve gastrectomy and comparison with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB).
Methods This is a retrospective study that included 211 patients undergoing sleeve gastrectomy over a 34-month period. We utilized previously collected data for the RYGB patient cohort which included 553 patients over a 29-month period. We searched our hospital endoscopic database for patients who underwent post-operative endoscopy for indications related to their surgery.
Results 16.6% of the sleeve gastrectomy patients required post-operative endoscopy, of whom 11.4% underwent therapeutic procedures. This compares to 20.4% of the RYGB cohort of whom 50.4% needed therapeutic procedures (P<0.001). 1.9% of sleeve gastrectomy patients encountered a post-operative staple line leak and collectively required 29 endoscopic procedures. One patient also developed stricturing (0.47%) requiring 18 pneumatic dilatations. 11.4% of the RYGB cohort developed an anastomotic stricture requiring 57 balloon dilatation procedures. To date, these procedures have accumulated an equivalent cost of â‚¬159,898 in endoscopy tariff s, or â‚¬177 per RYGB and â‚¬373 per sleeve gastrectomy performed.
Conclusions Bariatric surgery can have signifi cant implications in terms of patient morbidity and financial cost. Having a local bariatric surgery service increases the demand for endoscopic procedures in our hospital, both in investigating for and dealing with post-operative complications. Provision of extra resources and expertise needs to be taken into account.
Keywords Endoscopy, obesity, bariatric surgery, gastrectomy
Ann Gastroenterol 2016; 29 (1): 44-49